The Eclectic (Marxist) Dialectic?
I think the materialist conception of history is valid.
- Christopher Hitchens (1949-2011)
The Devil is in the Details
The Eclectic (Marxist) Dialectic?
Inspired by Christopher Hitchens (1949-2011)'s quote, "I think the materialist conception of history is valid.". The titled responsion is...
Dialectical materialism is often confused with historical materialism. However, they are not the same thing. Dialectical materialism is a non-dogmatic, but at the same time, revolutionary theory of nature, consciousness and society. It can be easily explained through dialectical thinking in that the process of dialectic is an interaction of two different types of thinking, one a dialectical materialist and the other is dialectical thinking or dialectical argumentative.
Dialectical materialism is actually the theory of scientific socialism. It is in fact not a theory, it is the only thing which can be used as the basis of political action and development for the working class. Dialectical materialism can be defined as an explanation of the reality of human action in relation to nature. In other words it is a science that is very much related to philosophy, but at the same time, it is also very close to science, because both philosophy and science can be described through dialectical thinking.
Dialectical materialism was developed in the 1920's by Karl Marx. He also formulated three main ideas related to this theory. He wrote the following thesis;
The first thing that dialectical materialism explains is that the development of human beings, society and culture is determined by the development of the economic base of human life. Therefore, if you analyze any social order, whether communist, syndicalist, trade union, landlords, etc, you will find that its structure is developed in relation to the structure of the economy of a specific place. In other words, the structure of human society is based on the structure of the economic base of the society.
The second thing that dialectical materialism explains is that the structure of any system of production is related to the mode of the production of the material in that particular system. Therefore, any change in the mode of production will have an impact on the structure of that system. This also leads to the conclusion that the dialectical materialist theory is the only scientific truth. It is also the only truth in all of science, because all forms of the natural sciences are based on dialectical thinking.
The third part of dialectical materialism is that it shows that the nature of any object or situation can be changed by the actions of human beings without any external intervention. It also shows that these changes are related to the internal development of the dialectics of the system of production.
Dialectical materialism has been criticized on many counts. The most common criticism is that it is a revolutionary theory, which is not accepted by the classical economics. Another criticism is that it does not offer a complete explanation for the structure of the human system, or the development of the system of production in relation to the environment.
Many people have said that this theory does not fit into the theory of political economy. However, this critique is unfounded.
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