Died: September 21, 1860, Frankfurt, Germany
Arthur Schopenhauer was a German philosopher. He is best known for his 1818 work The World as Will and Representation, wherein he characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind and ...
Virtues are the minimum and the Greeks set the bar. Greatest number versus greatest happiness is a measure of the State. Individuals are more complicated; the cascading impulses predict behaviour irregardless of the "greater outcome".
What it means to be a man is a virtuous act of forgiveness, courage and duty. The ability to respond is, in part, a social partnership of circumstance and the will of the people as a collective.