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Supervenience, Strong

Supervenience, Strong: 1. Where A and B are things, facts, events, or properties, B strongly supervenes on A if and only if (i) necessarily A is a sufficient condition for B (upwards necessitation), and ...

14 days ago

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Supervenience, Strong: 1. Where A and B are things, facts, events, or properties, B strongly supervenes on A if and only if (i) necessarily A is a sufficient condition for B (upwards necessitation), and (ii) necessarily nothing varies in its B-features without also correspondingly varying in its A-features (necessary covariation), or alternatively: no two things can share all their A-features in common unless they also share all their B features in common, or again alternatively: any two things that are identical with respect to all their A-features must also be identical with respect to all their B-features. 2. Also known as “one-way” or “upwards” strict determination, although strictly speaking, “two-way” or “bilateral” supervenience is also possible (Horgan, 1993; Kim, 1993; Chalmers, 1996: ch. 2).

REFERENCES

(Chalmers, 1996). Chalmers, D., The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

(Horgan, 1993). Horgan, T. “From Supervenience to Superdupervenience: Meeting the Demands of a Material World.” Mind 102: 555-586.

(Kim, 1993). Kim, J. Supervenience and Mind. Cambridge MA: Cambridge Univ. Press.


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