It's relatively easy to reflect on mythology as irrelevant and childlike. Yet one aggregate example surfaces as we examine social coherence, and realize the effect and the necessity of mythology for our begotten brethren. The necessity is manifest in our psychology (as we know it).
The Upanishads of 800 to 600 B.C. created the concept of Atman sparking a breath of fire within humanity. The playwright Peter Shaffer put it to Arnold Wesker as follows:
… furious, inchoate energy funnelled through shape (and only so) reconstitutes itself as furious energy in the brains and psyches of its recipients. Reconstitutes itself because of you. The fire which started in the playwright’s head must get dimmer and dimmer as it grows in the communal imagination of an audience. Your job is to convey sacred flame in a vessel. You can say, looking at that vessel smoking on the stage: “How miserable. I have seen the Volcano, and all I caught is one wretched tongue of fire.” But that tongue properly placed and focused upon is the Volcano. Your power to concentrate fire for an audience will make them feel it, and be burned by it, even though they don’t know the volcano, and never can…. what one writes can detonate in a viewer’s head with the same resonance that it had when one first put it down on paper …
Brahma Buddha's teachings prohibit killing, theft, and introduce passive morality. Starting with the Hindu Upanishads, the fire of humanity still burns within. Upanishads liken the internal with the external while the Homeric epics highlight internal conflict and struggle. From the fire within to a battle within one's self, complexity is intelligence simplified. Sophists unknowingly dismiss complexity, and thus the sophist teachings are hard to replicate. Only philosophy, starting with Homer, or Socrates (depending on which scholar your reference), is inward and critical. This primordial delineation signals a shift to the self-replication of individual intelligence. Empowering individuals to criticize must exist, even in collective communities. Marx may have accepted this but Marxists not so much.
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