Touted as the world’s greatest poet, In my Message to the Reader, I attributed Dante’s Beatrice to the undertaking of this book on philosophy. A probability statement that I was determined to do. Thanks to Big Data.
Tied for the second spot we have Dante. For every ten (10) references to Plato, and Socrates combined, we have 8.9 references to Dante. The influence of Dante and Shakespeare is undeniable.
“In Dante, In Bach, or at a more complexly psychological level, in Beethoven, in Mahler (the contrast being the pious servitude of Bruckner), this enlistment of a transcendent precedent and exemplar is manifest. Less frequently, as we have seen …” - George Steiner
Creativity is divine and all-powerful. Is it God-like? Probably more like combining Dante, Bach, Beethoven, Mahler and Bruckner into one voice. Contrast the pious servitude of Bruckner with Beethoven and Mahler. Ego builders make me trepidatious. Bruckner's opposite will yield the best results when describing a utopian leader. How about reading Anton Bruckner, Symphony No. 4 Romantic? Imagine an on-demand creativity through an augmented intelligence device. How would you describe the state of mind, euphoria or God like trance Dante was in when he wrote? Examine your own state of mind when you write: it will offer clues to Dante’s writing processes. Jung refers to it as your Shadow. In this case, the very nature of human creativity is cyclical. Humankind's innate and universal trait to create is an unstoppable virus. The nouveau creative will be a big data collaboration on a scale surpassing the limits of the individual but not at the expense of the individual.
“The myriad-facetted, coherent entirety which Mandelstam celebrates in his essay on Dante, the architectural summation striven for by Proust are of the past. As in the case of the book itself, there will, to be sure, be complete editions of a …” - George Steiner
Mandelstam's essay on Dante places this Poet on a Pedestal. Communal recognition for group collaboration is better than the alternative; a single self-congratulatory ego driven maniac. No sentiments. If you take Adorno's thought that "totality is the lie", then you are left with incompletion and fragmentation throughout society. Is that a bad thing? Your magnum opus should be directed towards the vector of perfection with room for error. Deviations are permitted if realigned or defendable. Shortcuts are not! Read Mandelstam’s essay. Imagine minds equivalent to a modern day Proust, Dante, Nietzsche, Plato, and Shakespeare all collaborating on a single piece of literature. The virtuoso is planksip® conducting this orchestra with you performing a solo. This reality is here today. We just need a conductor to orchestrate this performance and planksip® is that conductor. How many contemporary writers today consider themselves language architects instead of authors? Only since Shakespeare has the author sought authorship. Axiomatic determinism, innate with collaborative expression is manifold. A pilgrimage to the consciousness of Homer and the pre-Socratics is a novel idea and perhaps a magic möbius carpet ride worthy of exploring. Carefully constructed books don't have to be a thing of the past. We have all the building blocks to surpass the hidden architecture of Dante and Proust.
“Thus mundane chit-chat merely prolongs barbarism. Above all, the lexicon and syntax of love in the West, old as the Fourth Gospel and Dante, have been made mendacious. The stratifications of significance, the challenges to interpretation in …” - George Steiner
All the way back to Dante and the Fourth Gospel the poetry and language of love in the West is mendacious. Without other people love would not exist. Dante's mendacious language on love, especially as channelled through Beatrice, seams pseudo-truthful. I am disappointed that the Beatrice influence was so extensive yet based on an imaginary relationship. How much of Plato’s Socrates is a fiction? Barbarism has a fear stricken connotation, even for the Ancient Greeks. If cruelty and brutality are subjective then barbarism must be accusations spoken by the connoisseur of culture. If you want to learn more, read Hoffmannsthal's Der Schierige (live burial during trench warfare) and the Fourth Gospel. Our truth seeking compasses should be guiding our relationships. Would the concept of love exist without other people? In the act of play dolphins exhibit love without and conceptual understanding of love. Love wins the Darwin award for constantly evolving.
“Imagine a future where barbarism refers to a free haircut. Would David Chilton agree?” - Dr. Cory Elliot, (fictional phenomenon)
“If the past, present, and future of Dante's Commedia are not those of the Riemann hypothesis, what are they? No element in our experience of formal and substantive phenomena stands still. Vitality, which includes decay and closure, is a …” - George Steiner
Dante's concept of time is no longer an enigma, yet this does not diminish its importance, it only enhances it. Dante's Commedia compared to the Riemann hypothesis. Which is the greater enigma? I wonder how many collective hours have gone into solving the Riemann hypothesis? I don't think there is a mathematician alive that hasn't dreamt of being the one to solve the Riemann hypothesis for a cool $1,000,000 prize. There might be a hint to the Parallel postulate with the QFM Horizon Principle in Chapter 11. Dante is not an enigma. Scholars agree on his historical significance and influence of his writing. Are there any unanswered or controversial aspects of Dante's life or work? For me, rediscovering Dante is like reminiscing with a childhood friend. The concept of heaven, hell and the space between is like a migraine headache; it just won't go away, even if we turn out the lights. Encased, as it were, in its now irretrievable local habitation and historical date, wholly concordant with the technical means available to it, a Dante canto, a chapter out of Rabelais, a political allegory in Dostoyevsky, will necessitate, will remain … Make sure you talk about humility. Talk about humility again. How do we quantify the lost opportunities gaining knowledge associated with what Lukács called, "strange, secret savour,"? In this case, the cyclical nature of this influence constantly in a state of revision and revival. An axiomatic möbius statement.
“... time in Shakespeare, most incisively in the Sonnets, constitute an anthology of perceptions comparable only to those in Dante and in Proust. There is, one hazards, a poetics and a metaphysics of temporality to be harvested from the mere …” - George Steiner
Shakespeare, Dante, and Proust are the exemplars of temporality, their creations marching to the forward and backward cadence of time. At what point does futurity and memory become uniquely human? To encapsulate immediacy of experience with a non-human sense of the past, present and future would be to define non-human consciousness. The concept of cadence within time is very interesting and obvious in the works of Shakespeare, Dante, and Proust. Read Shakespeare's Sonnets or anything by Proust or Dante. Our current day perception of time will undoubtedly change over time. Is the Shakespearean sense of time different than Dante's? The theme of repeatable time dates back as far as language itself. Time binds the anthology of perception and consciousness. Out of his sound-proofed, fumigated hive, Proust secreted a multitudinous society, a city for thought and for feeling rivalling Dante's. By force of sub-liminal bookkeeping - precisely the same budget was adhered to by Kierkegaard - Proust bent … Through solitude, Proust created a city of thought rivaling Dante's. Duality Statement: Which is more prolific in thought leadership? Silos of solitude or theories of chaos? Solitude is great for creative minds but nothing is created in a vacuum. Who hasn't created a mind palace? Well for some it may be more of a weekend cottage. Thought-scapes are typical to the forced solitude of the creator. Which is more prolific in thought leadership, silos of solitude versus simple chaos? Complex imaginary worlds give our minds additional space to be creative and origin of innovation.
“We all have a muse, her name is Soledad and she peddles insanity surrounded with moments of brilliance and creativity. There is a palpable weight, an organic roundedness to the personae among Dante's dead or in Milton's celestial orders. The cognitive riddles, the unknown dynamics of narrative method which generate the life force of the fictive character …” George Steiner
Deep within his prose, Dante's dead is humanity personified. Anything less would be un-relatable and non-universal. How do Dante's dead compare with Milton's celestial orders?
“Dante's translation is supreme homage, momentarily making of Dido a prefiguration of Beatrice, But even direct quotation is set alight by context (e.g., when St. Paul cites Euripides). Farewell is at hand. Throughout, Virgil has been referring to …” - George Steiner
Dante drew inspiration for Beatrice from conversations with Dido which he called, "La gloriosa donna della mia mente", which means "the glorious lady of my mind". Constructing so much around an infatuation is remarkable to me. Meeting her could have crushed his vision? It's ironic that history remembers for of the fictional Beatrice created in Dante's mind over the actual person who died at the young age of 24 years. In 1290 she was 24, in 1321 he was 56, in 1300 he was 35. In 1290 he was 25. In 1282 she was 16 and he was 17. Dante was 25 when Beatrice died at 24. They first met 8 years earlier. Imagine life as Beatrice in the 13th century, so integral to the writings of Dante yet they never had a relationship. Imagine being so central to the theme of Dante's work and thoughts, this is the humanities best defined case of infatuation. Further reading: St. Paul cites Euripides. And they say virtual worlds are bad. Is Dante's Beatrice our best real life example of infatuation manifested? An infatuation such as Dante's make believe personification of Beatrice. Did Dante put Beatrice a pedestal? Hell ya!! The likes of which we have never seen since. Beatrice became Dante's personification of a beautiful and pure woman and without her consent or knowledge, I would have to add!
“Identifying himself with the Narrator, a concession charged with psychological risk, with an apparent denial and self-denial of the poetic, Dante vows to the reader that he is reporting verity. He swears it ("tigiuro") by that which is most precious …” - George Steiner
Dante's truth claim IS the Commedia. Compare and contrast the values of truth between Dante's world and what we know and accept today as truthful and virtuous. All that is true about the Commedia is defined and redefined into this masterpiece of Dante's greatest truth. Not to mention a delightful time travel to the sixteenth century. Influence matters. When a giant like Dante says his Commedia is 'the' truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, should we have had him sign an affidavit? This fateful contract with the poets was hijacked by religious zealots. From Dante (1321) to Hieronymus (1516), this 195 years of difference is generational. The former is an example of shoulder standing, the latter looks down the ladder with shaky knees.
“In consequence, Virgil was not only to Dante the supreme master of epic verse and begetter of a truly national, foundational text, but a sage mysteriously illumined. His was the touchstone for the congruence of the poetic and the philosophic …” - George Steiner
This is the main point behind the p.(x) philosophy (theme of this book). Humanity is our guide, Virgil mysteriously illuminated. Driven by people (Data), powered by planksip®, poetics and philosophy unite.
“Thus the Pilgrim's exchanges with the other masters whom Dante elicits, as it were, from the manifold of his choral monolog, dramatize, analyze in exact nuance, every mode of relationship to predecessors and contemporaries as these are …” - George Steiner
The concentric circles of influence are always ominous. - Will Freeman (Fictional Phenomenon)
“Only Proust, who is at certain points Dante's heir, can comparably re-create and convey the pull of time on space. The Commedia, manifestly a product of poiesis and of energized thought, is at the same time an extended reflection on creativity, …” - George Steiner
Dante has an incredible ability to recreate and convey the pull of time on space. Like Proust, only Dante did it 600 years earlier. Dante laid the foundation for his prodigy Proust to see ever further. Compare and contrasting the writings of Dante with Proust is a challenging topic for conversation. In this case, the cyclical nature of Proust returning to Dante more than 600 years. We refer to this sixth generational. Right on schedule!
“It is in the spirit and intellect of Dante, more closely than in that of any other Western presence of whom we have certain record, that the three semantic fields of "creation" and the "creativity" - the theological, the philosophical, and the poetic - are …” - George Steiner
Dante blends concepts of creation theology, philosophy and the poetic, making them one. This singularity, this infusion of poetic expression are captured by Dante like no one before or after.
“(I fully believe those who tell us that no translation or paraphrase, not that of Wyclif, of Tyndal, of the Jacobean virtuosos, not Dante's imitations or Goethe's, come anywhere near to the enormousness of the original Hebrew in this text of texts.” - George Steiner
Dante wrote extensively on the topic of origin, however, the Old Testament surpasses not only the interpretations of Dante's but also Wyclif, Tyndall, and even Goethe. Are Dante's references and poetry more relevant when we compare it to the Old Testament? Additional research would be required. My own bias steers me to a position of disappointment if the Bible has more influence on the topic of creation. Job the Edomite is rather dull for me except what viewing Blake’s engravings. This conflicts with other references to Dante by Steiner. I must read more Wyclif and Tyndal, the Jacobean virtuosos. The repurposing of Dante's poetics, especially as they relate to the incipit, could be rewritten and applied to contemporary culture and thought. How do we mix the poetry of thought and influence of Dante with the beauties and wonders of evolution? Are they compatible on some level? This möbius strip has been cut! Dante and the writing of the Hebrew Bible are no longer the wellspring for inspiration on articulation on the origin of man. This title now belongs to Darwin. Some of Dante's writing is just a poetic imitation of the Old Testament. That’s quite the charge. Let’s talk about it.
“And throughout, underwriting what I take to be the crucial common ground, Boccaccio in his Life of Dante: "I assert that theology and poetry can be said to be almost one and the same thing; indeed I say more: that theology is nothing more than …” - George Steiner
"Theology is nothing more than a poem of/on God", says Boccaccio as influenced by a lifetime of studying Dante for his book, The Life of Dante. Despite the language of Theology being poetic, poets are guided by societal currents to this religion, that religion or nothing at all. More poetry needs to be written on the latter. Poetry is a form of beautiful rhetoric, and in the case of the Catholic church, Dante's Inferno and Purgatory define most of what current day Catholics accept as heaven and hell. There is a beauty and appreciation linking poetry to theology, but wonder shouldn't be limited to an ideology. Turn the pages of Boccaccio's The Life of Dante by Boccaccio (translated by Vincenzo Zin Bollettino), it will help. Write poetry. Write about Dante. Break away from the toxic connections within Theology. Science can be wonderful, beautiful and the truthful on it's own. How did Dante feel about poetry in language and thought? Theology requires poetry, the reverse is a big fat lie.